The Golden Age of Illustration1880's to 1920's
The Golden Age of Illustration was a period of unprecedented excellence in book and magazine illustration. It developed from advances in technology permitting accurate and inexpensive reproduction of art, combined with a voracious public demand for new graphic art.
In Europe, Golden Age artists were influenced by the Pre-Raphaelites and by such design-oriented movements as the Arts and Crafts Movement, Art Nouveau, and Les Nabis. Leading artists included Walter Crane, Edmund Dulac, Aubrey Beardsley, Arthur Rackham and Kay Nielsen.
American illustration of this period was anchored by the Brandywine Valley tradition, begun by Howard Pyle and carried on by his students, who included N.C. Wyeth, Maxfield Parrish, Frank Schoonover and Edwin Austin Abbey.
Sir John Tenniel (Londra, 28 febbraio 1820 – 25 febbraio 1914)
fu un pittore e illustratore inglese. Per quasi tutta la carriera disegnò vignette satiriche e caricature per la rivista Punch, ma viene ricordato soprattutto per le sue illustrazioni per i due romanzi di Lewis Carroll, Alice nel Paese delle Meraviglie e Dietro lo specchio.